Build up Export in Gapura Angkasa English Version
Ketua : Hetro Handitro (243111003)
Anggota : Rara Resti Regata (243111014)
Nela Rizky Febriyanti (243111023)
Kelas : DIII-Groundhandling’11
Dosen : Eko Probo D’Warpani (Basic Cargo)
English Version Part 1
Preface About Build up
Build up an advanced process of receipt of goods, namely on the Acceptance counter in the delivery of goods, and is one of the most important processes in the handling of goods. Handling or build-up of activity in the form of packing goods, arrangement of items, check booked, writing no ULD / cart, writing master item numbers and writing the number of items put into the cart as well as the overall number of items. Build up to do if the checker do or have build up plan, which aims to perform calculations and arrangement of goods. Then the data obtained from the Build-up will be received by the Document processes for processing and reported to the Load Control.
Build up a very important role in the handling of cargo directly in cargo / goods. If an error occurs in the process of build-up, it will affect the safety of aircraft and the balance will even hinder the flight departure, not only is it an error in the build up can also cause possible damage to the goods. Thus, in the build-up must be done carefully, and the build-up in accordance with the applicable procedures.
Our goal is to conduct research to examine whether the existing build up the field in accordance with IATA standards applicable or not, and to know what problems are an obstacle in the process, the problems often encountered, advantages and disadvantages of what is the build-up process.
With the build up of our study on this, we can find out what activities during the build up in the warehouse gate Aerospace export directly. We also learned about the build up, process and roles, problems occurred related to the build-up as well as anything related thereto.
We can make this research based on the source of our experience during college tennis at the build up in storage Angakasa export gate for 3 days.
English Version Part 2
The Theoretical Frame Work (Eng Sub Part 2)
Based on result of our experience at export warehouse of Gapura Angkasa, we got data from result of our interview with the supervisor in this warehouse, he is Mr. Sigit Budi Prabowo. Our result is :
Process of entering the goods to build up in export warehouse started from making a build up plan by airlines, build up plan sent using email to document processing. Then, it was given to the checker, because the steps interpendent, one with another. When the checker get a build up plan, the goods entered to storage area after scaling process and x-ray in acceptance. The checkers work appropriate with a build up plan.
In storage area, the goods was classified by a kind of goods, and by the airwaybill, and then scaling and packaging the goods.
The theory or basic of theory which used by the employee is GOM (Ground Operational Manual). The explanation is there in chapter 6.2 pages 13, it tell about cargo handling.
The explanation is :
- ULD Procedure (ULD Tags, Loading Device and Accessories Provision of ULD, Countour of ULD, Circulation of Loading Material and Damage of ULD);
- Pallet Loading (Loading Principles for Pallet Build Up, Contour of Pallet Load, Securing of Pallet Load and Pallet Stocks;
- Container Loading (Loading Principles for Containers, Securing within Load Container;
- Cabin Load (Cabin Load of Bulk Cargo.
The other theory telling about build up, we can get it in IATA (AHM) book. We still searching the data in this book.
English version part 3
Human Resource Condition at Gapura Angkasa Warehouse
Human resource is human labor or people who work in the environment of an organization. Here we discuss about the manpower or human resources related to the build-up process such as:
1. Number of employees
Part warehouse eksprot GA, hiring employees using consistent grouping, particularly section documents the process and build up. In a group of seven employees such as: 3 checker, 1 docpross, 1 GL (Group Leader) / assistant supervisior, one person on staff supervisior PDE (electronic data interchange).
Every employee who works, most still as outsourced employees except office supervisor. Inside of build up employs some checker. The checker is mostly once a porter. Porter selected to be a checker, because the porters are experienced in handling the work he does with checker, the checker indirectly and porters almost doing the same thing so when the porters appointed checker, they do not feel strange to work.
Training is given to the checker and porter. Training aims to look at the abilities they have, especially the porters who have the ability to become a checker. In addition, the employees are also always get a briefing before doing their job briefing will make at night and early morning. At night, the briefing given to do the job in the morning, and in the morning till noon no brifieng due process were to continue the process that has been done in the morning.
Most of the employees still lack an understanding of the ability to use a computer. Most of them could use a computer because it used. It’s become one of problem in handling and delivery of goods, because the computer is one of the most important aspects of a supporting element of the gradual proficiency level. Another thing, the problem depends on the supervisior in react. Examples of such delay and its absence affecting the handling. But if it does not affect the supervisor considers it is not a problem.
Sources of data on human resources, we get when we study the second time in the export warehouse at PT Gapura Angkasa
English version Part 4
The Problems in The GA’s Export Warehouse
In this paper, we will discuss about the problems in the Gapura’s export warehouse in the process build up section. The problem will have a big impact on the flight.
Based on the research we do for our practice in the field, we think there are three element which make the source of problems that occur in the process build up, affecting the flight process, there is :
The system is one of the most important factors that can affect the smoothness of the build up process. But the system can also be a factor that could hinder the process of build-up. The problems that fall into the category of the system that is, system down, power failure, faulty PC and others.
It makes all the work that should be done by a system such as the manufacture of booking plan, manifest, etc., must be done manually. With the work manually it will take time to process. So it will have an impact on the handling of the aircraft / flight process.
- Human Error
Human here means the employees involved in the process of build-up, from the checker, porters, clerks document processing until supervisor. So, human error is a problem that originated or made by the employees concerned.
Examples of such problems is the lack of communication between employees, causing misunderstandings that affect the handling of goods, and other issues such as lack of knowledge possessed by employees. Knowledge of both the practice and procedure. It can make the employees made mistakes in the process.
Equipment is a contributing factor in the build-up process. Provider of equipment was sourced from Space Gate, airlines concerned and agencies working together. Each equipment has its own functions and related to the timeliness and safety.
In the airlines side which less attention to the equipment (container / pallet) will be difficult for the workers to work the process of build-up. So the condition of the equipment will affect the productivity of the work performed by the employee.
Delivery process will be smoother if enough equipment and support, this will be related to the timeliness and safety in flight. The equipment such as: ULD, Scales, Net, Strap, etc.. The equipment associated with each other, so if one of them gets damaged it will interfere with the existing build up.
English version part 5
Conclusion and Tips for Build Up export in Gapura Angkasa
Build Up constitutes one of primal process in cargo’s handle. Handle that is done as: packing is goods, goods settlement, goods checking, ULD’S number writing, master’s number writing and goods amount, and goods weighing.
build up’s process on export’s barn Space Arch employs many its employees with outsourcing’s state, but supervisor’s responsible position. Employees that was made as many job groups, where in one group consisting of 7 clerk are next at subdivide to correspond to its work type, which is: 3 person checker, 1 document processing, 1 person supervisor, 1 person GL (Leader’s group), and 1 person staff PDE.
On build up’s process there are some about problem. About problem aught which is:
- System (system down, electric dead, etc.)
- Human Error (miss communication, inexperienced, etc.)
- Equipment (damaged equipment, care, etc.)
Of about problem about problem which happens deep build up’s process of course it shall mark sense repair. Severally remedial that as:
On system, since thing as system down and electricity off can’t be predicted, therefore to prevent its abandon talks shop, staff shall can work work manually. So as that thing happening, staff was wonted with workmanship manually. In other words, workmanship manually wields system shall be counterbalanced. To handle electricity death, firm necessarily make ready electric reserve tool as preparation as while electricity dies.
2. Humman Error
According to us, to fix it with more the number of times training performing to its staffs good ala procedure and also praktik. Better employee shall hold book as guidance in working. That work that is done corresponds to aught regulation. Besides, training utilizes computer also indispensable staff because work a lot of utilize system. And firm has more think up its staff welfare that staff can work peacefully and results the better work.
Since it is engaged Airlines, barns side eating have to be cooperative with every consideration with Airlines’s party. And for party Airlines may more haven’tice their equipment that is at barn. Since that equipment are utilized to handle cargo cargo that its handle utilizes their Airlines. Then is made ready too tool that utilize reserve electricity or nonlistrik even to replace off equipment because lamp death so not constrain handle process.